Climate Change Presentations by MVFN to Local Municipal Councils in Spring 2009
By the close of spring of 2009 the Mississippi Valley Field Naturalists will have completed a series of presentations on Climate Change Awareness and Adaptation to the Stewardship Council of Lanark County, the Mississippi-Rideau Source Water Protection Committee and to the municipal Councils of Mississippi Mills, Lanark Highlands, Carleton Place, Tay Valley, North Frontenac, Ottawa, Drummond-North Elmsley, and Beckwith.
The purpose of the presentations is to communicate the details of the findings of a two-day workshop, called “Weathering Climate Change”, held in September 2007 in Almonte, Ontario. Emerging from this workshop is the 2008 publication “From Impacts Towards Adaptation – Mississippi Watershed in a Changing Climate.” The document captures much of the key information and feedback from the workshop. The presentations were made by MVFN’s Environmental Issues Committee Chaired by Bill Slade and with presentations by members Howard Robinson and Cliff Bennett
Based on the discussion and feedback at the workshop and as documented in the publication, MVFN is aware that evidence shows the climate is already changing and that it will continue to change. Thus there is a need to plan for the impact of the future changes. Local strategies for action should be developed with assistance of the conservation authorities.
Please click on the following link to view summary slides of MVFN’s 2009 presentations to Councils and which contains links to other source material for further information and study: Adapting to Climate Change in the Mississippi Watershed
Click the following for copy of the 2008 publication: From Impacts Towards Adaptation-Mississippi-Watershed In a Changing Climate
The Albert’s tulip garden results for this Spring will be posted by the Ontario Horticultural Association. To veiw the results please go to the following link http://www.gardenontario.org/site.php/district2/news/online/884.
Mississippi Valley Field Naturalists
Submitted by Pauline Donaldson, MVFN Public Relations Chair
April 10, 2006
“Changes in our natural world” with an Ontario Parks conservation ecologist
There is an opportunity to hear about conservation issues, past, present and future from a real ‘grass roots’ biologist at the next Mississippi Valley Field Naturalist meeting to be held Thursday evening April 20 in Almonte. The presentation will be given by Dr.William Crins, Senior Conservation Ecologist in the Planning and Research Section of Ontario Parks, at the Ministry of Natural Resources in Peterborough. A botanist by training, Bill has devoted his career to the study of living things, specializing in the evolution and ecology of important grasses and sedges. Several species new to science, including the juniper sedge Carex juniperorum Catling, Reznicek & Crins, bear his name.
As a ‘budding’ biologist in the early 70’s Dr. Crins worked summers at Algonquin Park as an interpretive naturalist and later conducted biological inventories and assessments used to develop the Nature Reserve Zone system in the park. Following graduate studies at the University of Toronto, Dr. Crins did research at UBC and the New York State Museum in Albany. As senior ecologist with Ontario Parks, he now applies his knowledge of conservation and biodiversity issues to projects such as the Ecological Land Classification system for Ontario and the development of old growth forest policy, as well as contributing to detailed inventory of Ontario’s habitat resources and Species at Risk habitat mapping guidelines.
Dr. Crins says that his presentation on Thursday “will illustrate some of the changes in flora and fauna that have occurred during the past century, and will speculate on some of the changes that may occur in the future.” What effects have development and the intensification and then abandonment of agriculture had on species and ecosystems? What have been the effects of accidental introduction of exotic species, changes in forest management practices, or changes in land use patterns? Potential impacts of climate change on species distribution and ecosystem composition will also be discussed.
The presentation, “Changes in the Flora and Fauna of Southeastern Ontario: Past, Present, and Future” is the last in MVFN’s series “Change in our Natural World” and takes place Thursday April 20th at 7:30 pm at the Almonte United Church on Elgin St. Program Chair Tine Kuiper will host the evening, and refreshments will be offered. All are welcome. A non-member fee of $5 applies (for those over 16) or MVFN memberships are available. For further information visit www.mvfn.ca or contact Pauline Donaldson at 256-9399.
Mississippi Valley Field Naturalists
Submitted by Pauline Donaldson, MVFN Public Relations Chair
March 6, 2006
Learn how global weather changes are affecting Ontario fish and fisheries
Extremes in global weather, such as those associated with the Pacific’s El Niño and La Niña, and more gradual change such as global warming, affect fish communities in Ontario. Average water temperatures in local freshwater bodies change and this affects spawning, growth, food resources, predation, and, ultimately, the numbers of fish available for recreational and commercial fisheries. This topic will be discussed Thursday March 16, in a seminar by retired Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources scientist Dr. John Casselman, at the Mississippi Valley Field Naturalists meeting in Almonte. According to Casselman, impacts on fish communities and their habitats depend on whether the fish are a warm-water species such as smallmouth bass, a cool-water species such as Northern pike or walleye, or a cold-water species such as lake trout. He plans to use long-term water temperature data for the Great Lakes Basin and age assessments to explain how populations are impacted by temperature change. For example, some very poor years for smallmouth bass were associated with cold temperatures following the 1991 eruption of Mt. Pinatubo. On the other hand his studies suggest a global warming of only 2°C will increase numbers of these fish six-fold, while greatly decreasing the numbers of cool- and cold-water fish.
Dr. Casselman has decades of research experience throughout Ontario and Canada and is currently Scientist Emeritus at Glenora Fisheries Station, an Adjunct Professor at Queens University, and a lead author for fish and fisheries for a key report on climate change in Canada. Dr. Cassleman is also known internationally for his work on the American eel, whose dramatic decline will also be discussed at Thursdays’ talk. In 2003 he convened a conference which led to a global call for immediate measures to sustain eel stocks, which have been negatively impacted by changes in North Atlantic Ocean currents and the Gulf Stream. Remarkably mysterious, all populations of eels live most of their lives in fresh water but return to the Sargasso Sea to spawn, forming a single genetic population. The larval stage drifts on ocean currents for a year before becoming ‘glass eels’ which move to the coasts where, as adults, they inhabit freshwaters in different parts of the world.
The presentation, “Climate Change, Fish and Fisheries in the Great Lakes Basin”, is 6th in MVFN’s series “Change in our Natural World” and takes place Thursday March 16th at 7:30 pm at the Almonte United Church on Elgin St. Host for the evening will be MVFN member Michel Vermette. All are welcome. A non-member fee of $5 applies or MVFN memberships may be purchased. For further information visit www.mvfn.ca or contact Pauline Donaldson at 256-9399.
Ecologist used paleolimnology to take naturalists ‘back in time’
By Pauline Donaldson
On Thursday November 24th , we hosted the third speaker in our series, “Change in our Natural World”. Guest speaker, Dr. Brian Cumming, is Associate Professor in the Paleoecological Environmental Assessment and Research Laboratory at Queens University (PEARL). The PEARL scientists use techniques of paleolimnology (study of fresh water ecosystems in the past) to provide an historical perspective on environmental change. Data collected is used to determine natural environmental variability in the past, and to test models used to study current global environmental change.
Dr. Cumming’s research can track natural changes in an ecosystem over impressively long time periods (millions of years) in the past, while at the same time uncovering detailed decade by decade information about this time period. Sophisticated sampling techniques and analyses can reveal patterns of temperature, acidity and other changes in a lake over long periods of time. Changes in lake temperature, for example, affect the type of algae and other species which will flourish. These changes can be deduced by analyzing which types of fossil algae are predominant in the lake sediment deposited during a particular time period. Cylindrical cores removed from lake bottom sediment are first calibrated to establish the relationship between depth and timing of deposition (age).
Some of the background work which was done to establish the protocols and the relationships between algal type and the environmental conditions in which they flourished, were done in British Columbia where there is a huge diversity of lake types. This knowledge was then applied when examining sediment cores from lakes in the Canadian Prairies.
From these studies, Dr. Cumming has concluded that abrupt millennial-scale shifts in climate were likely common on the North American continent in the past six thousand years. These natural shifts are more severe and prolonged than the meteorological and historical records indicate. Although the mechanisms behind these changes are unclear, the findings have profound implications for the natural environment and the infrastructures of our communities. Water management plans, for example, may be inadequate if predictions of variations in water availability and water levels are based only on short-term records.
The presentation concluded with many good questions from the audience, followed by refreshments and further discussion. Please join us again in the New Year, on January 19th, when we welcome the fourth guest speaker in the series “Change in our Natural World”. Art Dyke will tell us about “Change in the Arctic”.